Combine Standards – Test Explanations

Laser Measured Times

10, 20 & 40 yard dash

  • 10 yd: Acceleration and explosiveness. The initial rate of acceleration will determine an athlete’s overall 40 yard time.
  • 20 yd: Quickness and speed. Look at the difference between 0-10 and 0-20. This result is the 10-20 split time. This time can be reduced with better technique, strength and stride training.
  • 40 yd: Running power. The best athletes in the world accelerate for up to 60 yards. Again, look at your split times and determine if you are accelerating all the way through the finish line.
  • Flying 20: Your top speed. This is the measure of your split time from the 20-yard mark to the 40-yard mark . This is a true indication of your top speed and is converted to MPH. This is the true indication of an athlete’s speed ability.

Laser Measured Times

5-10-5 Pro Agility Shuttle

  • The 5-10-5 pro agility shuttle is the staple for finding out how quick an athlete is simply because it defines the word agility to its exact science. The ability to accelerate, decelerate, stop, and reaccelerate without losing balance is basically all summed up in this one test.

Hitting Metrics

Pre-Impact Speed

  • This is the measure in miles per hour (MPH) of the velocity of the barrel of your bat prior to when the bat impacts the ball. Players who can increase bat speed while increasing the weight of their bat will dramatically increase the exit speed of the ball.

Hitting Metrics

Arm Speed

Overhand throw velocity is obviously a critical factor. There are many variables that can positively affect throw velocity. Focus on core muscle strength, stretching and proper throwing techniques.

Hitting Metrics

Time to Impact

  • Exit Speed: This is the direct measure behind the power of a ball coming off a bat. Every 1 MPH increase on a well hit rising line drive will give the ball an added 4-6 feet of travel distance. We can determine the batted ball exit speed (es) by using the pre-impact speed (bs) and pitch speed (ps) and collision efficiency (ea) or the sweet spot on the bat by using the following equation: es = eaps + (1 + ea)bs A standard (ea) for a wood bat is .10 So hitting a ball off a tee (zero pitch speed) with a 60 mph pre-impact speed should result in a 66 mph exit speed. Negative exit to pre-impact speed results normally means the bat is decelerating at impact which is not optimal for hitting with power.


Grip & Forearm Strength

Athletic Index

  • The results of the tests are put into a proprietary patent pending algorithm, and the resulting number is the player’s Athletic Performance Index (API). This single number ranks that player against every player who has ever been tested. The API has become the single most important objective statistical measurement in recruiting.